COOPERATIVA CATÓLICO AGRÍCOLA
Brief History.The Cooperativa Católico Agricola was founded in 1922 by the priest of Chipiona D. Francisco de Lara y Araujo, Archpriest of Sanlucar de Barrameda. This man, sensibilized by the hardships suffered by farmers who had nowhere to take the grapes, felt the need to create a union, under the Social Action of the Catholic Church and within the Labor Mutualism at that time.
The increase of tourism in Chipiona in the sixties, tourism that was mainly concentrated in the urban center, leads the transport of the grapes to a second emplacement, on the outskirts of the tourist area.
Nowadays the Cooperativa Católico Agricola has two establishments:
The highest quality of this plant guarantees the developing of the different wines of this cellar: Moscatel, Fino, Cream or Olorosos. In the process, they developed the “Mostos”, which are highly valued by customers and the Muscatel, symbol of the cooperative and Chipiona. For the development of the Moscatel "Los Madroñales," the company follows the guide line of the ancestors, introducing the technology required for maximum quality. A truly genuine and unique product is the “Moscatel de Pasas”, which is made from the “Pasil”, where the grapes are laid down for 12 days and then milled and prepared, giving a truly rich and unique wine in the world. The system of development combined craftsmanship and highest quality giving us the true flavor of yesteryears.
Aging winery and bottling.
The biological Fino wine "Los Madroñales" under “Velo de Flor and the microclimate of the Guadalquivir River makes possible a dry, pale and fragrant wine. It is much appreciated and is obtained after 3 years in American oaks casks.
Regarding to Muscatel, it is ageing in American oak casks, distinguishing 3 types:
This cellar also has a bottling plant made up of stainless steel tanks, equipment that ensures the production of 1300 bottles an hour.
This innovation, together with the tradition and character of the wines makes possible the competitively and appreciation in today's market both Fino and Moscatel wines.-
WINERY JOSE MELLADO MARTIN
It was in 1974 when this winery starts working with wine. This year they bought the first cellar (now known as Bodega Alobasto), located on the street General Mola, Castillo Street today, reaching the production of 1,500,000 liters of wine.
In 1980 Mellado Martin consolidated the business as winemakers expanding the facilities to acquire the hold of Florido Hnos, situated opposite Bodegón Alobasto and it is in this cellar where they started their own aging and bottling wine, marketed later under their own brands, being the most famous Playa de Regla.
With some of its brands the founder did a little tribute to their tragically deceased relatives: Oloroso Tio Roberto, Cream San Miguel, Moscatel Pasa Viña Blanca and Moscatel de Pasas Soleras de la Abuela. The last one finally got it to the market in 1985, achieving one of his greatest illusions: bottling a real high quality and prestige Moscatel, in tribute to his mother.
Other wines of the brand are Fino Playa Regla, Moscatel Playa Regla and Jose Mellado Martin Vinegar.
The winery built a new cellar on the road to Rota in 1990, where they centralized and modernized their business, always keeping alive the traditional system in development processes.
In the following years they have opened other wine shops: Avenida de la Diputación, 23 and in the Market Square.
We have to highlight Moscatel de Pasas “Playa Regla Soleras de la Abuela”, whose acceptance in the market was very satisfactory, improving their quality every year and enjoying since the beginning good reviews from magazines sector and also awarded with Zarcillo Oro 2007 in Valladolid (third international event in importance and prestige).
Monday to Friday from 08.00 to 15.00 and 18.00 to 20.00.
Saturdays and Sundays from 09.00 to 14.00.
Only by appointment.
Phone: 956 370 197
WINERY CESAR FLORIDO
The legend of this great family starts in the 18th Century.
It is one of the oldest wineries in the Marco de Jerez and certainly the oldest winery in Chipiona. Cesar Florido is currently a company located in Chipiona, which import and export in small amounts. The ranges of wines are specific to the area, such as: Fino, Cream, Olorosos, Amontillados and especially Muscatel, all wines of exceptional quality.
The winery performs in the wine sector his activity performing the next operations:
The facilities of the company is comprised in three different centres:
These three facilities are located in the historic center of the town, where you can taste and buy the full range of wines that are sold in the winery.
Bodegas César Florido
c/ Padre Lerchundi, 35-37
11550 Chipiona.- Cádiz
Tfno.: + 34 956 371 285
Fax: + 34 956 370 222
Website: www.bodegasflorido.com Email: Correo Electronico
Visits: Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday from 11.00 to 15.00.
Price: 4-6 € per person.
Awards and Honours:
MOSCATEL DE PASAS
It is without a doubt one of the wines to boast and one of the best muscatels in Spain. Retrieved from grapes 100% Moscatel of Chipiona, these are extended to the "Pasil".
Its complex aromas are a spectacle. Dense in the mouth, its powerful sweetness and texture of syrup makes it one of the best wines in the world.
It comes from Palomino grapes and selected in Pago Miraflores and Balbaina, obtaining an extraordinary quality and finesse.
Once in the winery, remains in casks with the traditional system of “criaderas and soleras” and marked by the regulatory council Jerez-Xérès-Sherry at least three years.
Its taste is a classic with some memories of old wood.
In the mouth is light and soft, something warm, tasty and long but with a touch of salty flavour and pleasing Chamomile. Drink very cold.
CREAM "CRUZ DEL MAR"
Sweet wine, made from olorosos, with dark colour.
It has a sharp and dimmed flavour, a lot of body and ageing for four years minimum.
Moscatel is the typical wine from Chipiona, it is produced on its lands. Other wines may look alike but do not possess the same aroma or flavour. This is a result of the weather, the type of growing terrain, the techniques and experience used. The fact is, so far, no other Moscatel in Spain has this delicious and characteristic aroma.
The Moscatel name comes from the Italian word “Moscatello” and is a type of sweet grape of which we know 18 varieties: menudo blanco, morisco, menudo dorado, gordo morado, gordo blanco, romano, real, flamenco, gorrón, isidoro, etc. These grapes are grown in Italy, Southern Portugal, and mainly in several Spanish regions, such as Cataluña, Levante, La Mancha, Andalucian provinces (Huelva and Málaga) and in Chipiona, where we find the variety called “isidoro" or "isidori".
Moscatel is an universal variety, and widespread in many parts of the world. Known in ancient times by Columella, in the early Christian Era. Originating in Africa, other synonyms are Muscat of Alexandría, Muscat Gordo or Spanish Moscatel.
The Muscat grape is white, with medium leaves, orbicular, and has the “petiolar sinus” forming a distinctive open V; the upper sinuses are closed, sparsely hairy. The grape bunch is large, irregular, unevenly distributed. Berries are big and delicious. These grapes grow better in vineyards by the sea.
Afetr harvesting the grapes are dried in the sun, usually for 15-20 days depending on the particular climatic conditions, and loses much of their moisture but retains the sugar, becoming the raisin Moscatel. Alcohol is used to prevent fermentation. This mixture produces moscatel, a premium wine but with a prohibitive price, because it is necessary to use a large quantity of grapes to achieve the wine. So it is customary to mix this wine with “listan” wine, becoming 18º alcohol and 8º liquor.
The colour of Moscatel wine, contrary to popular relief, is not black. It has a light colour, almost like white wine. The dark colour comes from the burnt wine of Rota and Chipiona. This mixture is recognized by regulatory board and besides giving colour to the wine, reduces its sweetness.
Moscatel was called the “bastard wine” in Ancient Times, because it does not follow the same rules of the regular winemaking process (Alcohol is used to prevent fermentation). Fray Diego Carmona, Agustinian from Chipiona, in his book, written in the mid 17th Century , says: “A lot of wine is exported each year (apart from the amount consumed in the town and surroundings), to foreign lands, mainly “bastard” wine, the soft and sweet wine, made by dried grapes, almost raisin after being dried under the sun. The grapes are cut and laid on a clean mat that has been designed carefully for this purpose. This type of wine is bought by foreigners from all over the world, because they are people who like sweetness more than the Spanish people like, and pay for it as much as the owner wants and embarks it is still grape juice. In France and in Flanders it is widely used, but where it is more appreciated is in England”
Historically, although the first news about viticulture comes from 1448, the type of cultivated vineyard was not specified, presumably Moscatel was the type of wine cultivated from the beginning because, like is mentioned in medieval local government records and in the above passage (Carmona Bohorquez. 1638), this sweet wine already existed, and was very appreciated by foreigners and used to be exported. We can deduce then it had to be prestigious or famous many years before.
That takes us back in time, to the beginning of the agricultural production in the town, which increased significantly in 1480 due to factors such as domestic consumption and mainly exportation by Sea. The Rodrigo Ponce de Leon (Marquis of Cadiz) repopulation project required the new residents to plant vineyards. In that way, the same Marquis, some years later said “Where before there was wasted and uninhabited land, now the population increases every day, and agriculture grows, mainly vineyards…”
Nowadays, exists in Chipiona about 150 wine producers, who produce 270.000 kilos of grapes turned into 79.000 liters of muscatel wine.
In late July and early August Chipiona celebrates the Moscatel Festival, which includes performances from famous singers and wine tasting (organized by the Town Hall) to promote this wine.
This wine has been awarded both international and national competition meetings.
In an interview with 112 year old Joan Riudavets Moll, a citizen from Cataluña (Nothern Spain), Mr. Riudavets said he drinks a glass of Moscatel wine to inspire.
Until a few decades ago, a dozens of winemakers and bodegas existed in Chipiona, nowadays only three of them have survived: Cesar Florido, Mellado Martín and the “Católico Agrícola” Cooperative.
Juan Luis Naval Molero.
President of the Cultural Asociation Caepionis.