IMPORTANT HISTORICAL FIGURES FROM CHIPIONA


Dr. Tolosa Latour Padre Lerchundi Jose Miranda De Sardi

      Chipiona History since its beginnings to the present has many Famous Figures who have excelled in different sectors of the society chipionera. All of them weren’t born in Chipiona. They lived and developed their lives in this place, and they made a great labour by our town.

      We have divided them into four groups:

MILITARY MEN, RULERS AND POLITICIANS

QUINTO SERVILIUS CÆPIO

      The name of our town comes from his name: Consul Servilius Cæpión Fifth. He built a tower three miles from our coast according to the classical geographers Strabo and Pomponius Mela, defining it as "Kaipionis Pyrgo" and "Monumentum Caepionis" respectively.

      After several positions in Spain fought Viriato, throughout the area of the lower Guadalquivir River, Consul Servilius Cæpión Fifth vanquished him without means lawful in war. In the war against the Cimbri, suffered several defeats. It is worth mentioning the battle of Orange, where 120,000 men who constituted the Roman army and only ten saved themselves, including Cæpión. Deposed from his position, ten years later C. Norbamus accused him and sentenced him to death and all of his property was confiscated.

      The Roman Senate refused to Cæpión military honors of the victory that gave them a prominent Roman generals for their victories on the battlefields. César Cantú, in his History, calls him "Consul without honor."

RODRIGO PONCE DE LEÓN

      (Founder of Chipiona (which called Regla de Santa María) and gives it its Town Charter.)

      D. Rodrigo Ponce de León, Marquis of Cádiz (1469-1492), he was married to Beatriz Pacheco and remarried to Inés Pérez Becerril, third Earl of Arcos, Marquis of Cádiz. He is the central figure of the campaign against Granada. The Monarchs granted him the title of Marques of Zahara in 1484 . He was an ambitious warrior, as a result of the war of 1465 to 1469, the House of Arcos had achieved the domain of Cádiz and Enrique IV recognized it in Junio 1469. Enrique IV granted to him the title of Marquis of Cádiz in January 1471. Isabel I Granted him the title of Duke in 1484. He bought Pruna in 1482 and increased its lineage. Once the campign of Granada was finished in 1848, he received Villaluenga, Grazalema, Benaocaz, Archite, Ubrique and Montejaque. La Isla de León 1490.

      But the dominance of the Ponce de León on Cádiz ending with the death of Don Rodrigo in 1492. The Queen forced to return everything. She paid it with the town of Casares, ten millions of “maravadíes”, the transfer the title of Duke to Arcos and the recognition of the “mayorazgo” made by the deceased under very difficult circumstances for the lineage. In1477 when he formed the present Chipiona, separating it from the end of Rota. He gave to Chipiona the title of Regla of Santa María, as a fervent tribute to the Virgin, who was venerated in the Sanctuary. The Sanctuary had been the center of the new population.

PEDRO ROMERO DE TERREROS

      (Count of Santa María de Regla)

      Pedro Romero de Terreros, Vázquez y Castilla (1710-1782). D. Pedro Romero de Terreros, Vázquez y Castilla (1710-1782), It was an Spanish businessman mining and rich landowner in the viceroyalty of New Spain. Was born in Cortegana (Huelva), in 1710. He was son of a prominent family. He was educated in the University of Salamanca. He was a great devotee of the Virgin of Regla.

      Around 1730, when he was 22 years old, and was still studying at the University, he arrived to the new Spanish territory, although he was very young emerged the need to ship to Mexico to settle some matters of a dead brother Besides, his uncle was sick in the city of Querétano. Pedro took responsibility for all their business and his uncle convinced him not to return to Spain, placing him at the head of its business consisting primarily of transporting goods from Veracruz to other parts of Mexico. Soon Pedro became a citizen honorable and respected in Querétaro.

      Some time later, in 1742 he was designated Mayor de Querétaro, It was also Second Lieutenant Real and Alguazil of the King. In a few years D. Pedro became one of the richest men in the world, He had been designated Knight of Calatrava by the King in 1752, and it was recognized for its human quality and good work.

      Owner of the mines in the Real del Monte, which were discovered in 1758 in Pachuca, with the benefits obtains from the extraction of the silver, gold and copper carried out numerous acts of charities and help to the Mexican clergy.

      The Spanish Crown granted to Pedro the title of the first Count of Regla in 1769.Title that he wished because the Virgin of Regla seemed that him had been blessed, when he almost as a child, left his homeland.

DUKES OF MONTPENSIER

      They were who restored the Sanctuary of Regla, and the Virgin of Regla who was in the Parish, and were the maximum promoter of the summer vacation in Chipiona.

      Antonio of Orleáns, Duke of Montpensier, was born in 1824 in Neuilly (France). He was the son of Luis Felipe de Orleáns-Borbón and María Amelia de las Dos Sicilias. When he was six years old he became Prince and his father was named King of France.

      His father negotiated the marriage of Antonio with the princess María Luisa of Borbón. The weeding of the Duke of Montpensier with the Spanish princess held at the same time when the Queen Isabel II and Prince Francisco de Asís got married.

      This caused the diplomatic rupture with England. France believed that the Queen Isabel II would not have children with that husband and the crown would be for the children of the Duke of Montpensier. England thought that France would have too much power. The engagement lasted for 3 days in October of 1846 and 12 days the honeymoon. Then joined two very different unknowns which agreed only with the love for their children and the desire of reign.

      When finally Alfonso XII becomes King of Spain, the Dukes of Montpensier were able to return and Antonio of Orleáns was named General Captain.

      In 1877 Alfonso XII meets to Mercedes (daughter of the Dukes) who was 16 years old, at that moment the engage. However a few months after of being a Queen she died.

      The Dukes proposed to Alfonso XII the possibility of getting married with their daughter Cristina, but he got married with another one, Mª Cristina of Hamburg.

In his old age, the Duke was careless in his dress. It was said that more seemed like a beggar. He travelled a lot and was devoted to his orange trees.

      He didn’t get his dreams: he didn’t reign and had to watch his children die, Regla, Amalia, Fernando, Luis and Felipe of different diseases.

      He died in 1890 in “ Torrebreva”, specifically in “La Tambora” in Chipiona.

ALFONSO DE ORLEÁNS Y BORBÓN.

       Alfonso of Orleans and Borbón, (Madrid 1886-Sanlúcar de Barrameda 1975), Prince of Spain, V Duke of Galliera and military aviator. He was son of the princess Eulalia of Borbón (daughter of The Queen Isabel II) and the prince Antonio de Orleans and Borbón (son of the prince Antonio of Orleans, Duke of Montpensier, and grandchild of the King Luis I of France).

      In 1906 he made his military training at the Military Academy of Toledo and in 1910 was formed as a pilot in France.

      Back in Spain become one of the earliest and most prominent Spanish military aviators He also held various destinations in the military aviation spanish until the fall of the monarchy in 1931 He held various destinations in the Spanish air force until the fall of the monarchy in 1931. He participated , as the head, in the air operations of the landing of “Alhucemas” that took place in 1925.

      When the Second Spanish Republic was proclaimed on 14 April 1931, Prince Alfonso went into exile in London, where he lived until 1937 when he came back to Spain, the Civil War had begun, and he joined the national side’s aviation. After the war was finished he promoted to major general and served as head of the Second Air Region in 1940. Three years later he was appointed brigadier general

      Alfonso de Orleans resigned in 1945 to head of the Air region of the “Estrecho” to show his support to the Manifesto of Estoril, text in which Juan of Borbón, the head of the Spanish Royal Family, demanded the restoration of the monarchy. With this decision, the Prince Alfonso had to end his military career but continued flying planes.

      In 1909 he married to Princess Beatrice of Sajonia-Coburgo-Gotha. He is the creator of the traditional offering of flowers from the plane that since 1921 has been carried out at the exit of the procession of The Virgen of Regla. Date on wich the Prince Alfonso of Orleáns, then he was Lieutenant of Aviation, suffered a gunshot to one of his knee and he pried to the Virgin of Regla to restore his health. Since that time, and because he promised that to the Virgin, began to make this flight. The flight have been maintained since then, year after year, and he commissioned to José León Cotro Florido that he would continue doing it while he was alive.

      Don Alfonso, used to visit the beach called Regla in Chipiona to practice physical exercises on our beaches with their dogs and he used to accompany to the Virgin of Regla in procession

WORKERS AND BENEFACTORS

GRANDMOTHER LOLE

      Mª Dolores Jurado Ricarte, was born on the 8th of March 1876. She got married to José Jurado Romero when she was 21 years old. Her husband died when she was 33 years old. At that moment she had 7 children.

      Her life that passed between the last years of the 19th century and the half of the 20th century, it was a clear example of many women who were in the same situation with a big family to get ahead. With seven children and her only source of income, it was a vineyard in “Regla” With the problematic that always presented this type of cultivation and a lot of work in the houses of the surroundings. She had to take care to herself with the help of some workers. It was difficult to her sell the crop and when she did it she didn’t get the money on time. So, it was so difficult for her to get her children ahead.

      Grandma Lole went ahead showing a woman’s ability to grow in adversity.We know that her house, next to the Sanctuary of Nuestra Señora de Regla, was the meeting point and place where the farmers stop when they came from the field to the town to make their purchases. They were people who lived in “•Mariño”, “Meca”, “La Cuba”. The left in the house of Grandma Lole their vehicles, usually a donke, and went to the town to get their shopping. When they came back they used to talk to Grandma Lole about their problems, and she used to help them when the year wasn’t good for them.

COSME MELLADO CARO

      He was political and trade unionis from Chipiona. He was married to Regla Castro Gomez, and he was father of five children. He was Son of Francisco Mellado Naval, who died during the National Movement.

      Although its ideals were Left Wing, like many others had to fight with the national side, because the movement was in this area.

      For many years he worked in the winery of Florido’s Brothers where the late sixties, he starred with several partners an strike. With this protest their demand the rights of the workers, they went to work but the owner didn’t allowed them to work.

      His whole life was dedicated to defending the freedoms and workers.

      He was with other partners, as José Mellado Domenech, Narciso Montalbán, etc. , one of the people who founds Communist Party of Chipiona.

      With the restoration of democracy in 1979, was presente as a candidate for mayor of Chipiona, by the candidacy of the Communist Partin, he will obtain five councilors. During the days after the conclusion of the elections he was asked about the possibility of being mayor of Chipiona, he didn’t agreed.

      The Full Council of Chipiona, Ramón Gutiérrez Toscano, the municipal spokesperson of the Communist Party, requested an Square with the name of Cosme Mellado Caro and all political groups voted in favor of the proposal.

SOR MAGDALENA.

      Sister Magdalena Rodriguez Pietri 1913-1999, popularly known in Chipiona for "Sor Magdalena" was a lovely religious, belonging to the Community of the Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent of Paul who serve the sanatorium of San Carlos of Chipiona, was born in Puerto Rico in 1913, arrived in Spain as a novice in 1936, died in Chipiona on 21 April 1999. Chipionera of adoption, when she was 85 years old and 51 in our village, the Consistory recognized his dedication to the poor people. The Consistory awarded her the tile of adopted and favorite daughter of the town.

      She dedicates her life with other religious to the care of disadvantaged children in the sanatorium of San Carlos, to help the sick people, and to pray. In her more than 50 years in Chipiona she had all sorts of vicissitudes; the people who treated her know many anecdotes and happiness about her.

      During the civil war went to a barracks of San Fernando looking for food for the children of the Sanatorium. Later, taking advantage of the visit of Civil Governor to Chipiona, got the drinking water for the Sanatorium.

LADISLAO CARRASCOSA.

      He was from Cádiz with possessions in Chipiona. In 1894 he donated some land to open a street in the place known as “Las Canteras”. His wife Veneranda donated to the sisters of “Divina Pastora” some land where was built the School and the Chapel.

      In December of that year was presented to the Consistory a project for the construction of a new luxury Cemetery. Ladislao Carrascosa offered the money in order to build it. The total amount was 41.851 pesetas, but the Consistory understood that the time wasn’t good for luxuries and the problem could solve with one more normal.

      In January of the following the Consistory present a new project which reduce the cost to 15,000 pesetas, Ladislao lended the money to the Consistory who will be paid back comfortably.

      On the 22 of February while the construction of the new Cemetery was taking place, the Council recognizes the assistance provided by Mr. Ladislao, and they put his name to one section of the street between the Plaza de San Sebastian and Nuestra Señora de la O Street.

      On 17 October of the same year, Ladislao Carrascosa died.

LUPE LA DEL PUERTO.

      Guadalupe Ruiz Rodríguez, was born in Constantina (Sevilla) in 1885. In 1894 arrives to Chipiona on the backs of a donkey, with her parents. Although she liked studying, she became a teacher of births. Her parents hadn’t money. It was the reason why she and he five brother had to work. She was only a little of time at school and all what she knew was learn herself. She was looking for books to study at home.

      In 1904 she got married to Nicolás Valdés, and had five children. In 1918 her husband died because an epidemic. He left her with five children, the oldest one was 11 years old.

      Since then Lupe is dedicated to assisting women in labor and giving injections, in order to feed her children. Pass the years, and in 1932 comes to work at the Hospital in Arrears of Cadiz in the maternity ward. At the same time that works, studied and practiced at the same time. The point of getting the title of Midwifery, his son Joseph was sick and, to clarify the care of his mother, she left everything to assist you. The little time the son dies and Lupe no longer returns to the Hospital. In 1932 started to work at the Hospital de Mora of Cádiz in the maternity ward. She worked, studied and practiced at the same time. She was very close to get the title of midwife when his son José got sick. She left everything behind in order to look after José. Her son died and she came never back to the Hospital.

      After the Civil War broke out, Chipiona was without Midwifery and Lupe must attend to all women who gave birth, sometimes she was helped by the Doctor Herrero Benitez, the doctor of Chipiona. Many times, even charged for their service, if the patient was poor, she bought milk, soup or any food to eat, and sometimes she gave money for helping the sick.

FRANCISCO LARA Y ARAHUJO.

      He was born in Alcalá de Guadaira the 19th of June in 1877 and died in Sanlucar de Barrameda the 17th of February in 1953 when he was 75 years old. He was buried at his own request in Chipiona Chapel Cemetery.

He was the Parish Priest of Chipiona for 42 years and Archpriest of Sanlúcar de Barrameda, he was the founder of “Cooperativa Católico Agrícola” in 1923.

      In 1915, he made a subscription in order to eliminate hunger in the village. The Mayor proposed to the Consistary subscribe to the subscription, but the members of the Consistory after a long discussion decided that they didn’t subscribe because they even had money for paying the workers of the Town Hall. He started to go to all the houses of the rich people asking for money which brought a few problems with the residents.

      He wrote some interesting notes about the Parish of Nuestra Sra. De La O, which extracted the file in the same parish.

PAINTERS AND ARTISTS

JAIME FONT

      He was born in Badalona (1834) and he died in Madrid (1880). He was engineer of roads, canals and ports. He was of humble origins, was formed in Madrid, living in her uncle's house. He had his residence in Cádiz. He was the engineer’s Chief of the province of Cádiz. He was the Director of the Board of the Port of Seville (1871-1879). He made the final project of the lighthouse of Chipiona, which started in 1863 and opened in 1867, with changes in distribution, architecture and materials, previously managed by Eduardo Saavedra which represented a better result and a cost reduction. The lighthouse it was an example of sternotomy. The tower of our lighthouse is similar to the lighthouses in Maspalomas and Palos. They were managed by the same direction.

      He also worked in the private sector in the railroad Sevilla-Huelva. He was awarded in 1869 by the Ministry of Development with the entrusts of “Isabel La Católica” by the zeal and intelligence demonstrated in the implementation of the Lighthouse of Chipiona. Badalona honored him by putting its name to one of the city streets.

      His main works are: The Lighthouse of Chipiona, the Lighthouse of Bonanza (Snlúcar de Barrameda), Light House of Punta Carnero in Algecira, the Iron Bridge over the Guadalquivir river in Palma del Río (Córdoba), 1885, Córdoba-Sevilla railway line which was declared of Cultural Interest in 1998. Huelva Railway Station.

MANUEL VENTURA MILLÁN RODRÍGUEZ.

      Ventura Manuel Millán Rodríguez, born in Chipiona, father of four children. Realistic style painter, began painting when he was old. One day he watched an old man painted the “Colegiala of Jerez”, He liked how he did it and he thought he could do it too. He started in the paint by himself. Before he was a house painter that gave him to eat, alternating with the first paintings he did. Also he worked as a "jockey" but left the profession for fear of horses. He was one of the first painters of Chipiona and also encouraged to those who started later in this profession. He lived for many years in Sanlúcar de Barrameda where he died.

      Three of his four children who were born in Chipiona love painting aswell, Manolo, Ana y Zoilo

JUAN IGNACIO SARDI MELLADO.

      Juan Ignacio Sardi, he was a self-taught painter, music lover and enthusiastic reader of poems. He was born in Chipiona on 29 April 1940 within a poor family who lived in Isaac Peral street. He got married to Regla Montalbán Montalbán they had a daughter named Marian who is also a painter.

      He started to work when he was very young first as a builder, at the age of 13 he begun to work at the American Base in Rota as kitchen assistant, where he used to go by bicycle. Then he alternated his work with his painting career. The Americans, eager to learn about our culture and customs, absorbed through the painting of Juan Ignacio these shortages and they bought his paintings of “flamencas”, bullfighters, flowers, jugs, etc.

      His life as a painter with unique dedication began at 24 or 25 years. At first he did “búcaros”, landscapes and things of Chipiona, as the Sanctuary of Regla, the lighthouse, overlooking the beach ....., because the sea was a permanent source of inspiration and with the landscape and monuments of Chipiona, it was the reasons for his pictorial creation.

      He has exhibited in addition to Chipiona, in most of Spain, Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Sevilla, Málaga, Cádiz, U.S.A., Netherlands, Austria, Belgium and Mexico.

      He was a collaborator of all cultural aspects of Chipiona, he worked actively and free of charge with the Brotherhood of the Virgen de Regla del Pinar, asweel he set upthe Bethlehem in the installations of Pinar. He collaborated in the night of San Juan, with the burning of “Juanillo” that he elaborated himself.

      He was so connected to the Carnaval of Chipiona, he was one of the persons who recovered our Carnival in 1984.

PEPI PORRAS MORA, “Marina”.

      Their first steps in the song gave in the "College of the franciscans" on the street Fray Baldomero Gonzalez, where sang in the intermediate those unforgettable films that projected there the franciscans with Father Angel Nebreda to the head.

      Josefa Mora Porras was born in Chipiona, a mother of two sons, singer. She was also secretary and teacher at a driving school and regent of his own business in Carlos Haya Street known as "Thirty of the Pentagram."

      She gave her first steps in the School of the Franciscans, in the street Fray Baldomero González, where he sang in the middle of those unforgettable films that projected the Franciscans with Father Angel Nebreda to the head. She used to liven up with songs from the period, including "La ovejita Lucera."

      At age 16, and a trip to Madrid, had an opportunity that could not participate because of his age and fears that their parents were created around a girl in a big city.

      He radius of action is reduced to Andalucía, where she worked and where she learned of men like JM Ebora and Isidro Muñoz. From Andalucía she got that spontaneity when she sang and make known songs to into something new and surprising.

      In his records somewhere between a single "Cuanto te debo” and an album" Como una Ola ", Marina has turned to classic Latin American songs, like" Acuérdate de Abril "of Amaury Pérez,, "A donde vas amor" of Tito Fernández, “Para mi corazón basta tu pecho” of Neruda and music by Paco Ibáñez, or "Cuanto te debo” of Roberto Cantoral, are the main and most famous songs.

      In 1997, he was deservedly named "likable person" by FM Radio Station Municipal Chipiona.

LOLITA QUERY

      María Dolores Rodríguez Query, "Lolita Queri." A singer from Chipiona, she was born in 1944, her family was poor, and she had 7 brothers. His father was a farmer and a worker in the winery. She had three daughters. She began singing when she was 9 years old. There was history of artist in her family. They sang in parties, but without being professional.

      The first time she sang with a microphone was at age 9. His first official performance was in Sevilla in 1956 at the Teatro San Fernando, with a Mexican song named "Los dos arbolitos", "La Ranchera" and “Grítenme, piedras del campo”.

      She went abroad with the ballet titled " Festivals of Spain ", in the company of Antonio Gades, who advised her to sing the song which most loved the people in each place where she acted.

In Tehran, she had the honor by singing for the Shah of Persia and his wife Sarad Diva, she sang the following songs:"Granada", "Andalucía" by Albeniz.

      In Italy sang at the Teatro Garibaldi, songs as "El Jinete", "Cucurrucucú Paloma" and some more. Served all over Spain, with the company for two years Antonio Molina , Juanita Reina, in the show "The Gypsy Bronze and Gold."

ROCÍO JURADO

      Rocío Mohedano Jurado, was born in Chipiona, 18th of September in 1944. She was the oldest of three children. She studied in Divina Pastora School, where she was part of the chorus.

      Since she was very young she she succeeded in flamenco and Spanish Music.

      There was history of artist in her family. Her grandmother, father mother sang very well. When her mother sang the public surrounded her house in order to listened to her. She used to sing when she was doing the housework without knowing that there were people listened to her.

      When she was fifteen, she performed in “tablaos” and took singing lessons in Madrid. In 1962 she won the first prize in “fandangos” from Huelva y Cádiz in the international competition of flamenco in Jerez de la Frontera, and soon she became an star of the Spanish song.

      The best albums of her discography are “Señora” (1979), “Dónde estás amor”? (1987), Punto de Partida (1988), Nueva navidad (1990), Rocío de luna blanca (1990) and “Con las alas al viento” (1993).

      In 1979 gave a concert at Madison Square Garden in New York, as a prelude to a tour by Europe and Latin America. Also at Expo 92 in Seville. she intervened in some movies, such as ''La Querida” (1976), Fernando Fernan Gomez, and "La Lola se va a los Puetos”' (1993) with José Sancho and Paco Rabal.

      Her powerful voice, very unique, it was harmonious and strong at the same time with which allowed him to her sing different melodies, with a personal artistic accent. She has performed in the main theaters in Spain and abroad. He also worked on the "tablao"of Manolo Caracol, with "Los Canasteros"

      In 1967 she was chosen “Lady Spain 1967” and in 1968 she got the title of “Lady Europe”. The same year Chipiona named her “favorite daughter” and received the medal to the touristic promotion. Her songs are known around the world.

      In May 1976 she married to the world boxing champion, Pedro Carrasco. Rociito, her daughter, born the following year, her only one daughter.

      After thirteen years of marriage, she separated in the summer of 1989.

      On January 20, 1999 the “Diputación of Cádiz”named her "favorite daughter of the province of Cadiz."

WRITERS, PROFESSORS AND HISTORIANS:

FRAY AGUSTÍN SALUCIO.

      He was born in Chipiona, 1523-1601, baptized in the Church of Nuestra Señora de la O, He was a Priest of the Order of Santo Domingo. It should be emphasised his holy oratory which was very baroque, with aspects of “culteranos” and “conceptistas. He was a preacher of Santa Teresa and kings Felipe II and Felipe III, who spoke to them without felling embarrassed .

      His main sermons: "Sermon delivered at the funeral of Philip II in Córdoba," "Speech to the preachers of the holy Gospel," "Discourse about the justice and good government of Spain", "Discourse on the statutes of purity of blood" and "Discourse on the limitation of statutes and qualities of the knights of Calatrava." One day he was preaching to his Majesty Felipe II and Fray Agustín told him: “Sir, her me Your Majesty, that God hears me.”

      Once he was reading in the Gospel the miracle about “Five Loaves”, which Christ tool to his disciple Felipe, Where will we buy bread?, Fray Agustín turned to Felipe and said, you heard that Christ said to his disciple Felipe where will we buy bread? , he didn’t said where will we take the bread? The Ministers of your Majesty don’t buy the bread or the wheat, they just take it, and if they pay is because they have taken much more. And they give only a little of money to the sellers, and their voices rose up the heaven. And I’m going to talk in loud voices here. Because we see that God give it and here it looks like that the king take it without being his. Fray Agustín said this claim to Felipe II with such strength and relief which left to Felipe II very confuse, no preacher did it before.

      He refused to be Bishop of Córdoba, because he respected more the peace and the retirement of his cell than the important position being an important Bishop.

FR. FRANCISCO NUÑO

      He was born in Sanlúcar de Barrameda, when he was 13 years old entered at the convent of San Agustín de Sevilla, he professed on April 15, 1591 and died in 1672.

      He studied philosophy and theology in the convent of Sevilla. He was as a priest since 1601. Nobody knows where he was until 1623. This year was appointed as The “Maestro” at the province of Andalucía

      In 1926 he was elected Definitor; in 1629 was appointed Prior of Ecija, he refused to be the Prior. In 1632 he was elected Prior of the Sanctuary of Nuestra Señora of Regla whose employment played with care and utility.

      In that time it was made the chapel of the Humilladero. On October 28, 1641 he was elected Provincial until 1644, He retired to the convent of Sanlúcar of Barrameda when he completed the three years period, where he died. He wrote the History of Nuestra Señora of Regla and has not been able to determine if it was printed or was lost.

FR. DIEGO CARMONA BOHORQUEZ.

      Fray Diego Carmona Bohórquez was born in Chipiona in 1590 and he was baptized in the parish of Nuestra Señora de la O. His father, Francisco Carmona, army captain, was Governor of the Castle and Mayor of Chipiona in the years 1627-28. His father came from Carmona and his mother from Jerez. He started to study in Sanlúcar de Barrameda.

      His brother, Francisco Carmona Bohórquez, also was captain and keeper of the castle of Chipiona and mayor the years 1642-43. In 1606 he had not thought about being a monk. In 1628 was a religious who was living in a convent in El Puerto de Santa Maria.

      He was the first historian of Chipiona and chronicler of his days. His documents named “sacred history" is in the National Library, it is about the history of Chipiona in his days, the history of Nuestra Señora of Regla and her miracles.

      The Caepionis Cultural Association, requested to the council an Avenue in our town in the area of the complex of La Laguna.

EL PADRE JOSÉ LERCHUNDI

      He was born in Orio (Guipúzcoa) on February 24, 1836 and died in Tangier on March 9, 1896, Arabist, writer, diplomat, member of the Royal Spanish Academy (1874), honorary member of the Spanish Society of “Africanistas and Colonistas” ( 1884) and decorated with the parcel number of the Royal Order of Isabel the Catholic. One street in our town and a statue on the esplanade of Regla preserve his memory in Chipiona.

      His childhood is simple, soon it was possible to see the exceptional talents that God had decorated and the typical qualities of the people of his race.

      Three dates were the main stages of his religious live: July 14, 1856 He wears the Franciscan smock in the Missionary Priego School (Cuenca); September 24, 1859 he ordained priest and 4 October of the same year he sings his first mass.

      In 1861 the Sacred Congregation of Propaganda Fide extends him the title of Missionary Apostolic and 19 January the following year landed in Tangiers. It seemed that he was going to died. But thanks to Divine. Providence, who watched over his health, to the good climate and the cares of his brothers, he survived and for 34 years he had a missionary life.

      Later he was appointed Vicegerent Pro Prefect (1863) and in his absence, it is entrusted o him the parish of Tangier. He was gradually picking up the appreciation of friends and strangers; he was distinguished with tactful and respected, finally, he ascended to the presidency of the “Home Mission” of Tetuan, when he was 31 years old (1867)       Gradually he occupied the supreme position of the Mission, the Apostolic Pro Prefect , This happens in 1877, fifteen years after of service and forty-one of age.

      But P. Lerchundi, besides all this, he was the protector of the helpless children. One aspect of his life worthy to be known and reported.

      Father Lerchundi helped to Dr. Tolosa Latour with the project of the Maritime Sanatorium of Santa Clara on the beautiful beaches of Chipiona. He helped him with money and support.

DOCTOR TOLOSA LATOUR.

      D. Manuel Tolosa Latour, born in Madrid 1857 and died in 1917. Doctor, Professor of Pediatrics and writer. From his youth he shared his hobbies between literature and medicine.

      During his university years he was editor of Annals of medical sciences, publishing numerous articles in the European Journal and others.

      He lived in a time not safe when the epidemics of typhus, cholera, plague and malaria caused ravages in the population. It was the reason why it is Understood as a man of his talent fight for the establishment of orphanages and reformatories. His efforts for the rights of children got the enactment in 1904 of a law for the protection of Children, "Tolosa Law" or "Child Protection".

      He was worried about the childrem, there was no separation of body and spirit, he felt that both had to be treated at the same time.He promoted along with Fr José Lerchundi the Maritime Sanatorium Santa Clara.. First Maritime Sanatorium which was built in Spain. The foundation stone ceremony was October 12, 1892.

      The relationship between him and The Sanctuary of Nuestra Señora of Regla it was very good, and every time when he traveled to Chipiona, he stayed in there until he bought his own house in the town.

      Rickets, tuberculosis, scrofulous and musculoskeletal conditions were modified or cured by the sea in contact with air and the beneficial action of the Sun.

      On February 19, 1906 City Council appointed him Chipiona "Adopted Son and Favourite" in the village and the February 21, 1910 it was approved put his name to the street to called La Palma until that moment.

FEDERICO OLIVER CRESPO.

      He was born in Chipiona on 22 October 1873 and died in Madrid on 27 February 1957 at 84 years of age. He born and lived in Larga Street No 52, he was the son of D. Francisco Oliver Martinez, national teacher and journalist and Julia Crespo Pimentel, from Chipiona. He was Dramatic playwright and sculptor. He was the founder of the Society of Authors who broke with his colleagues for political and administrative reasons; he founded and chaired the current Society of Authors . He was Director of the Spanish Theater of Madrid.

      He hadn’t father, the remarriage of his mother provides him with a stepfather who, according to his grandson Jaime de Armiñan, owned an antique shop in Seville, where he moved with his family while he was still a child, where he began to reveal their artistic hobbies. By then he meets the young brothers Alvarez Quintero, with whom he maintained a long and friendly relationship that will in some way, who will instilled in him the love for the theater.

      In 1894 the family moved to Madrid in order to continue his studies, he started to study in the School of Sculpture, Painting and Prints, getting in the Fine Arts Exhibition of 1897 a medal of third class for his sculpture "without bread".

      He intervened in the renovation of the Cathedral of Sevilla. His friendship with the brothers Alvarez Quintero soon would change his life’s destination and his and his first play, the drama "LA MURALLAL" premiered in Madrid in 1898, at the Comedy Theatre, which was celebrated by the public.

FRAY BALDOMERO GONZÁLEZ.

      Fray Baldomero González Castellano was born in Belalcázar (Córdoba), on February 27, 1877 and died in the Sanctuary of Nuestra Señora of Regla, the July 6, 1970 at 93 years of age.

      When he was 19 years old he entered in the "Regla School" of Chipiona, where he remained for 74 years of Franciscan life.

      He made his solemn vows in 1900. He was a national teacher, at Chipiona for 37 years. He was an austere religious, hardworking, competent, very hard with himself. He was a clever person with the studies theoretical and technical. His first commitment in the Sanctuary of Nuestra Señora of Regla it was as a nurse, he left it soon, although he never left the cabinet or cures.

      Although he made many activities in Chipiona, his work remained in the shadow of its vast educational work, that developed in an period when there was a great shortage of school and the teachers had not financial means.

      He was the head teacher when the school of Virgen of Regla opened free of charge in 1908, where he played the vocation of his life teaching until his retirement in 1945. In total 37 years as "school teacher", he never stopped teaching, because he gave private lessons in the same cell in the convent, almost until his last days teaching accounting, hight-school, to people who was learning for teacher, etc.

      On the occasion of its silver jubilee as a teachers in 1935, Chipiona City Council honored him with the title "Adopted Son of Chipiona" and named a street with his name, which was named "Pi y Maragall.

      In 1945, his alumni gave him a warm tribute placing a commemorative plaque with his bust and making reference to his work as Teacher and adopted son of the village.

      An obituary published in ABC of Sevilla, 18 July 1970, dismissed him as "master teachers" who will always will be in the memory of the people from Chipiona

MR. MIGUEL ESPINOSA PAU.

      He was born in Chipiona in 1866 and died in 1941 at age 75. School teacher and local historian. In 1933, the date of opening of the Public Library of Chipiona was appointed the first Librarian-Archivist of Chipiona.

      His contemporaries didn’t understand him, and thought that he was fuzzy or a little bit crazy and theist, this attack were typical of small towns and in those times. Really, Mr. Miguel Espinosa was anticlerical.

      He emigrated to Buenos Aires (Argentina) where he spent several years and his return to Chipiona where he worked as a teacher in a school with placed where actually is the Adult SCenter.

      He wrote two books about our people without actually edited any of them. One of them, entitled "Caepionis Turris, several copies are preserved among the lovers of the History of Chipiona. It is related about the origin of the name of Chipiona, and one that was lost during the Spanish Civil War: "ORIGIN OF THE TOWN OF CHIPIONA WITH SOME OLD DATA COLLECTION."

      When he died donated to the City of Chipiona a property in Larga street 23 , the town hall had to built a school for children. Donation that led many problems with their own family because they thought it wasn’t right.

JOSÉ MIRANDA DE SARDI.

      José Miranda de Sardi, 1899-1936. He was a self-taught person, poet, journalist, writer of songs for carnival and political. He was representative of the famous literary generation of 27. He was born in Chipiona, February 8, 1899 into a family of agricultural workers.

      We don’t know that much of his childhood. He excelled soon at the school. When he was 12 years old wrote a play entitled “Delfín el Pirata”

      Since he was very young he manifested his desire to defend the working class, whose he belonged. And he put at the service of farmers in Chipiona his plays and his conscience. In that times the class difference were very pronounced in Chipiona.

      Miranda had a sincere character, he didn’t mince his words when he had to tell the truth or when he had to denouncing injustice. He was anarchist and one of his poems he define himself as an atheist. He reproached to God who allowed inequalities.

      During his stay in Barbate, sometimes he borrowed money in order to help to the people from Chipiona who went there looking for work. In 1932 he arrive to Barbate, because his uncle José María de Sardi requested to him, his uncle was a commercial agent, who lived there This happened at the beginnings of the dictatorship of General Primo de Rivera.

      He was the founder of the newspapers: “El heraldo de Barbate” and “La Independencia de Barbate” where he denounced the abandon which suffered Barbate in terms of sanitary services, schools and all types of infrastructure, and it served as messengers of the “idea” that held all the people from Barbate: To get the independence from Vejer de la Frontera.

      In 1933 José Miranda de Sardi went to Cádiz and participates in the foundation of the Sindicalist Party of Ángel Pestaña, who was anarchists, next to prestigious people as the writer Ángel María De Lera.

      With the national uprising was arrested and imprisoned in the boat "Miraflores. He was executed by firing (August 8, 1936). No one knows if that happened in “Las Canteras” of Puerto Real or on the beach of “La Puntilla” in Puerto de Santa María

PADRE ÁNGEL NEBREDA LARRÁ.

      Fader ángel Nebreda Larrá, was born in Quintanadueñas (Burgos) in 1932, and died in Chipiona in 1989. Born into a Christian family, since he was a child he learned gospel values and felt religion vocation.

      Once he was finished with primary School in the town school, when he was 13, entered the San Pantaleón de Aras minor seminary (Santander), and he spent the following year studying in the San Antonio High School, Franciscan Minor Seminary, in Martos (Jaén).

      In 1949 entered the novitiate the Order had in Lebrija (years 1949-1950), and then entered the Franciscan Major Seminary of Regla in Chipiona. The Cardinal of Seville, Bueno Montreal, ordained him priest on June 17, 1956. The same year he was appointed headmaster of the “Virgen de Regla” Schools, replacing Fray Baldomero González in the educational function carried out from 1908 in the Franciscan school in Chipiona, where he made a great work in favour of education. The humble School in Fray Baldomero Street was moved to the new educational center “Virgen de Regla”, in keeping with the times and the needs of young people in Chipiona. He spent his first 23 years as priest and his bigger efforts to this project.

      In those years, Chipiona needed a High School that, together with the vocational training school remained until 1971, when the High School in Sanlucar took charge of the high school students.

      For all those years, until 1979, Father Angel Nebreda worked as a teacher and headmaster in the three educational Centres (Primary School, High School, and Vocational Training School). Those were years of hard work.

      His most important work was his illusion for children and youth of the town. He considered nothing was enough for them.

      In 1979 he was transfered by his superior to Estepa (Seville), where he was six years as Superior, until he came back to Chipiona in 1985 as Rector of the Sanctuary after his forced exile. According to his words he left Chipiona because of the Vow of Obedience, but it was fortunate. He had been a “hard” teacher, and came back to Chipiona as an understanding person, wanting to face his mission, renewed and looking forward to working again.

      In May, 1988 he suddenly felt sick and in May 22, 1989 he died in the Sanctuary, when he was 56 years old. His funeral meant a massive tribute of affection from the people and many of his students .

EUGENIO FEDRIANI.

      Eugenio Fedriani Sources, born in Chipiona 1913, died in Jerez de la Frontera. 1995. Historian, writer, national teacher and professor commercial, member of the Academy San Dionisio of Jerez, he used to live in Jerez de la Frontera in the “Paseo de las Delicias”. When he lost to his father and to his mother, the franciscan Friar Baldomero Gonzalez became his tutor. Eugenio Fedriani became a teacher. And he teached in many schools in the province of Cádiz .

      He got married and had 6 children, two sons and four daughters. In Jerez he wrote numerous articles for local newspapers while he worked as a teacher. He died without getting his intention of writing a history of Chipiona. He published several books, including “Jerezanos Ilustres o Insignes” and “La Inmaculada Concepción”

AMALIO MÁXIMO VICENTE DE CASTRO.

      He was a teacher at the Primary School. Person very loved and pleasant to the people who knew him. He arrived to 1964-65 as national teacher at the College of the District Camacho Baños. Those who knew to Mr. Amalio know that he was a cult person, He knew about all issues, not only of the materials of their profession as a teacher, as well the most unsuspected that we can imagine.

      Mr. Amalio, as a teacher, was in the best sense of the word "master."

      His responsibility for the development of his profession exceeded the limits of his obligations . Many of his students and their parents know all the classes he offered to the children which weren’t at the same level without got paid. If a child stood out something, he immediately he contacted with the parents in order to make them see the importance of their son to continue the studies after he finish the primary school with him.

      He loved his profession and enjoyed with the academic achievements which obtained who had been his students.

      Mr. Amalio besides his profession had his hobbies. He managed “Ajedrez Chipionero”, where , in addition to being one of the pioneers of this sport in Chipiona, was in charge of the organization of the competition. He looked for people to play, encourage and teach to play the new interested in this mode: Chees.

      Radio Chipiona appointed him popular person in the section of Culture in 1998

Juan Luis Naval Molero.
President of the Cultural Asociation Caepionis.